Do You Preserve Fruit?

The Cherries Are On: Freeze, Can or Dry?

My two cherry trees are loaded with fruit. The wind tried to blow them down and did succeed in blowing down one branch, but the trees are still loaded with delicious cherries. I do what the robins and starling do. I eat them right off the tree.

My mother use to bottle fruit and tomatoes up to 1000 quart jars each year, never less than 700. That was a major part of our diet during the Great Depression years along with home made bread and navy beans which we fed to the hobos who came to the door.

I would get so tired of lugging fruit jars first empty and then full, up and down the cellar stairs that I thought my arms would fall off. I also sterilized bottles, put fruit in them and sealed them.

We Have Eight Fruit Trees

From our eight fruit trees, we feed two families, mine and our house keepers. That is only fare because she puts up the fruit, plants and weeds are vegetables and also freezes fruits and drys fruit in our dehydrator.

I have a city lot but I still have 8 fruit trees, apples, pears, plums, cherries (2), apricot and peaches (2). We have small garden plots and planters where we grow string beans, zucchini, potatoes, lettuce, radishes, chard, tomatoes, cantaloupe but not enough room for corn but there is plenty of corn here in Idaho.

You can grow some food items even if you live in an apartment. Also, some communities have communal gardens where you can plant your stuff in an assigned plot. Maybe your neighbor or kin will let you plant on their property.

In our area, it is easy to find vegetable gardens where you pay for what you pick. Then, like an ant and not Jiminy Cricket, you can preserve fruits and vegetables for the winter and have them on your table in during the growing season.

There are some orchards in our area where you can pick fruit for the table or for preserving. Folks often pick strawberries here rather than growing their own. I have a few strawberry (hybrid) plants but there will not be berries for canning or freezing for sure.

Who Was Jiminy Cricket?

I think the first cartoon I ever saw was in my neighbors basement on an 8mm projector that I remember as having a hand crank instead of an electric motor. Jimmy sang, “The World Owes Me a Living.” Maybe some of you can remember Shirley Temple singing that tune.

How To Preserve Fruits and Vegetables

Rather than going into the details of preserving fruits and vegetables here, I suggest you learn how at http://www.sparkpeople.com/resource/nutrition_articles.asp?id=1365

There are many other sources on the Internet.   The National Center for Home Food Preservation is a great source and they have published a great book on the subject. You can also read my other post on the subject.

John

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Gardening Tips for Vegetables

FoodSaver V4440 2-in-1 Automatic Vacuum Sealing System with Bonus Built-in Retractable Handheld Sealer & Starter Kit, Black Finish. Only $149.32 now. (I may get a small commission from Amazon if you buy there, at not cost to you.)

Enjoy the following videos for some useful gardening tips for vegetables. I have 8 fruit trees on my city lot with two small gardening areas and a grape vine on my fence. We grow cherries, apricots, plums, peaches, pears and apples plus the vegetables. We preserve some of them by canning and others by freezing using vacuum sealing. I don’t think we save much but we do enjoy not having to go to the store for every little thing.

I hope you enjoyed these videos as much as I did. I learned a few things that should improve our production this year. My caregiver is out planting right now because I am not able to work.

John

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salmonella food poisoning symptoms

Introduction to Salmonella Food Poisoning and Symptoms (WebMD)

So Easy to Preserve, Book and Videos.
So Easy to Preserve, Book and Videos.

“Salmonellosis is a type of food poisoning caused by the Salmonella enterica bacterium. There are many different kinds of these bacteria. Salmonella serotype Typhimurium and Salmonella serotype Enteritidis are the most common types in the United States.” http://www.webmd.com/food-recipes/food-poisoning/tc/salmonellosis-topic-overview#1

“Symptoms of salmonellosis include diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps. They develop 12 to 72 hours after infection, and the illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days. Most people recover without treatment. But diarrhea and dehydration may be so severe that it is necessary to go to the hospital. Older adults, infants, and those who have impaired immune systems are at highest risk.” ibid

I have suffered from salmonella food poisoning on two occasions:

A Trip to Cleveland

In about the year 1960, I traveled to Cleveland to visit one of our suppliers. I was working in Golden Colorado for the Coors Porcelain Company where among other things, we are manufacturing special electronics components and nuclear ceramics, I had lunch in the suppliers cafeteria and then flew home on United Airlines. After a number of hours, I became very ill. I was in extreme pain from cramping. The doctor came to my house, that’s how long ago it was, and gave me a shot on Demerol. Demerol is a narcotic pain relieving medicine. It knocked me out for a long time but it solved the problem.

I talked to an old timer at the factory, an engineer who travel a lot over the years. He told me it was probably from the dessert that I ate on the airline. I called the airline and they checked out the flight that I was on and sent an agent to my to discuss the situation. He told me that there was no other incident from my flight. He paid for the doctor’s visit that was that. But my old friend told me never to see the dessert on an airline because it can sit around too long before it gets put on a flight. I’m sure that situation has improved over the years. At any rate, I was poisoned and it could’ve come from my lunch at the supplier’s factory or the airplane. The same old timer told me never to order a piece of bread and meat at a restaurant. He said they can put breading on any rotten piece of meat and it can make you sick.

A Trip from England to Germany

The second time I was poisoned was more definitive. I was traveling in England and we had lunch outside in the warm sun. I love deviled eggs. I several. Within hours I was very sick but I did not need medical attention which was good because I was flying to Germany when I became ill.

Eggs and poultry are known for carrying salmonella bacteria.

Prevening Salmonella Poisoning During Food Preparation CDC

“Cook poultry, ground beef, and eggs thoroughly. Do not eat or drink foods containing raw eggs, or raw (unpasteurized) milk.If you are served undercooked meat, poultry or eggs in a restaurant, don’t hesitate to send it back to the kitchen for further cooking. Wash hands, kitchen work surfaces, and utensils with soap and water immediately after they have been in contact with raw meat or poultry.

“Be particularly careful with foods prepared for infants, the elderly, and the immunocompromised.Wash hands with soap after handling reptiles, birds, or baby chicks, and after contact with pet feces.Avoid direct or even indirect contact between reptiles (turtles, iguanas, other lizards, snakes) and infants or immunocompromised persons.Don’t work with raw poultry or meat, and an infant (e.g., feed, change diaper) at the same time.Mother’s milk is the safest food for young infants. Breastfeeding prevents salmonellosis and many other health problems.

“There is no vaccine to prevent salmonellosis. Because foods of animal origin may be contaminated with Salmonella, people should not eat raw or undercooked eggs, poultry, or meat. Raw eggs may be unrecognized in some foods, such as homemade Hollandaise sauce, Caesar and other homemade salad dressings, tiramisu, homemade ice cream, homemade mayonnaise, cookie dough, and frostings. Poultry and meat, including hamburgers, should be well-cooked, not pink in the middle. Persons also should not consume raw or unpasteurized milk or other dairy products. Produce should be thoroughly washed.

“Cross-contamination of foods should be avoided. Uncooked meats should be kept separate from produce, cooked foods, and ready-to-eat foods. Hands, cutting boards, counters, knives, and other utensils should be washed thoroughly after touching uncooked foods. Hand should be washed before handling food, and between handling different food items.

“People who have salmonellosis should not prepare food or pour water for others until their diarrhea has resolved. Many health departments require that restaurant workers with Salmonella infection have a stool test showing that they are no longer carrying the Salmonella bacterium before they return to work.

“People should wash their hands after contact with animal feces. Because reptiles are particularly likely to have Salmonella, and it can contaminate their skin, everyone should immediately wash their hands after handling reptiles. Reptiles (including turtles) are not appropriate pets for small children and should not be in the same house as an infant. Salmonella carried in the intestines of chicks and ducklings contaminates their environment and the entire surface of the animal. Children can be exposed to the bacteria by simply holding, cuddling, or kissing the birds. Children should not handle baby chicks or other young birds. Everyone should immediately wash their hands after touching birds, including baby chicks and ducklings, or their environment.

“Some prevention steps occur everyday without you thinking about it. Pasteurization of milk and treatment of municipal water supplies are highly effective prevention measures that have been in place for decades. In the 1970s, small pet turtles were a common source of salmonellosis in the United States, so in 1975, the sale of small turtles was banned in this country. However, in 2008, they were still being sold, and cases of Salmonella associated with pet turtles have been reported. Improvements in farm animal hygiene, in slaughter plant practices, and in vegetable and fruit harvesting and packing operations may help prevent salmonellosis caused by contaminated foods. Better education of food industry workers in basic food safety and restaurant inspection procedures may prevent cross-contamination and other food handling errors that can lead to outbreaks. Wider use of pasteurized egg in restaurants, hospitals, and nursing homes is an important prevention measure. In the future, irradiation or other treatments may greatly reduce contamination of raw meat.” http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/general/prevention.html

Handling Poultry

When my wife’s caregiver sends me to the store to purchase a chicken I make sure that it is bagged separately from other grocery items. She has warned me to do this.

When I get home from the store, she washes the outside of the wrapping and re-wraps the dead bird before she puts it in the refrigerator. She always scrubs the counter after processing chicken and she uses a disinfectant to make sure that the bugs are dead.

I’m 84 years old and my wife is 81, still a spring chicken. Old people are particularly susceptible to Salmonella as our children and those with immune deficiencies such as my wife’s caregiver’s grandson. Sometimes he is in the home and we must protect him too.

Conclusion

Salmonella bacteria are present and we must take precautions to reduce the number and try to eliminate them altogether. Salmonella poisoning can in some cases the long-lasting. You can read more onthat at Web M.D. or at CDC.

Mothers, teach your children how to process food safely.

You can’t be too careful!

John

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Grow Fruits and Vegetables in Your Apartment or on a Small Lot

Food Preservation in Idaho

So Easy to Preserve, Book and Videos.
So Easy to Preserve, Book and Videos.

As everyone knows, except Caio who has never poked his head out of the Brazilian rain forest, Idaho is an agricultural state. We are surrounded by farms and farmers here—some of which become rodeo performers at the many county fairs.

My contribution to farming here on my average sized city lot is eight (8)fruit trees, a grape vine, two small garden plots and some pots in which this year we planted potatoes. I can say that our potato crop was like that of some of the farms near who have hundreds of acres or so, but to my surprise, you can grow potatoes in pots.

Now I’m too old to do much. I don’t harvest the fruits nor the vegetables. My wife’s care giver, Georgia, does all the work. My grandson cuts the lawn. In other words, I’m quite useless as far as growing, harvesting and preserving fruits and vegetables. However, George is a farm girl, has she harvest enough stuff for both of our families and likes doing it.

Early in the summer we started harvesting the cherries. It seems that we had cherries for almost 2 months but I may be exaggerating. This year the peaches came on early, so we had peaches and apricots at the same time, then the plums. The apples and pears came on early too. We had bumper crops this year.

Last year we didn’t get any apples for some reason, a frost nipped them in the bud. This year we have a ton of apples. We keep threatening to make apple cider, but we don’t have a press. Maybe I’ll look over that problem this winter and maybe I’ll be able to find a used one that we can use to press apples and grapes.

It’s amazing how much stuff you can grow on a city lot. As for vegetables we pretty much stay away from corn because it takes up so much space. But we grow a variety of other vegetables such as tomatoes, green beans, beets, squash and such.

We can and freeze fruits. As you know, I have a vacuum sealer. Sometimes we buy meat in larger quantities and break them up into smaller bags and freeze them. Georgia raises her own beef, but I have to buy what we eat here at the house.

This year, I purchased a dehydrator. My daughter-in-law is always drying stuff as well as canning a huge amount of fruits and vegetables from their large yard. They have 2 acres so they can do what they want. They even have a greenhouse. I scrounged from her every once in a while, I like her salsa.

Our Dangerous Planet

The FoodSaver 4840
The FoodSaver 4840

I was watching on Netflix a series on the destructive forces that exist on our planet. Food shortages can and do occur. Somewhere in the world, at all times, people are starving, even in our own country.

When I was a boy, we canned about 1000 jars of fruit and tomatoes. When dad got back to work during the Great Depression, he was so paranoid about food, that he stacked flour to the ceiling in his bedroom.

During the depression, we ate beans and homemade bread. We shared this with the hobos that came to our door. I don’t know how, but I can’t remember any Sunday when we didn’t have a roast. How that occurred, I don’t know. Maybe I will ask my older sister.

Some Useful Links for Apartment Dwellers and Owners of Small Lots

No matter where you live, even in an apartment, you can become more self-sufficient if you can raise your own food. Here are some links on how to grow vegetables and fruits:

http://www.urbanorganicgardener.com/apartment-gardening/

http://mashable.com/2015/06/07/plants-you-can-grow-in-apartments/#xj1S_G4Oakqa

https://abundantminigardens.com/mini-fruit-gardens-2/

http://www.fast-growing-trees.com/blog/grow-5000-worth-fruit-small-area/

John
John T. Jones, Ph.D.
Buhl, ID

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Presto 06300 and Presto 06301 Dehydro Electric Food Dehydrators

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My daughter Alice with an old man. She is a pro artist and supper sealer!
My daughter Alice with an old man. She is a pro artist and supper sealer!

Introduction to the Presto 06300 Dehydro Electric Food Dehydrator


My daughter-in-law here in south central Idaho is always drying fruits and vegtables and herbs. I haven’t seen her drying meat, but with all of their dogs, that could be a possibility.

Drying foods is a very ancient method of food preservation:

Cave Man’s Wife: “Ppgreu.you left the fish out in the sun for a week. We can’t eat them now.”

Ppgreu: “Hmmmn! Taste good to me. , Plbgah!”

Cave Man’s Wife: “Ppgreu, you are right this one time. Ummmmmmmm!”

The Presto 06300 Dehydro Electric Food Dehydrator is an Amazon best seller. The cost is very low so it lets anyone dry foods.

One Drawback for this model is that it does not have a temperature regulator and thermometer. You just turn it on and keep your eye on it.

For some dryers, a Model 06301 is a better choice. It is only slightly more in cost and you do get the temperature control features you want.

Amazon.com _ Presto 06300 Dehydro Electric Food Dehydrator_ Pasta Bowls - Google Chrome 2016-08-22 09.10.08

Amazon.com _ Presto 06300 Dehydro Electric Food Dehydrator_ Pasta Bowls - Google Chrome 2016-08-22 09.07.33

CLICK HERE FOR PRESTO 06301 (Better Controls)

This was my selection and I just got it in the other day. We just put in our first batch of plums making pruins. We have it on our dining room table humming away. It does make some noise but it is not bothering me too much (fan noise). We can always move it to the garage or my art studio if we want no noise. Here are some pics of my unit (not using all the trays):

P1010407
P1010408
P1010412
P1010414

CLICK HERE FOR PRESTO 06301 (Better Controls)

CLICK HERE FOR LESS EXPENSIVE PRESO 06300 (Lower cost Amazon Best Seller)

Amazon.com _ Presto 06300 Dehydro Electric Food Dehydrator_ Pasta Bowls - Google Chrome 2016-08-22 09.00.15

Amazon.com _ Presto 06300 Dehydro Electric Food Dehydrator_ Pasta Bowls - Google Chrome 2016-08-22 08.47.14


CLICK HERE FOR PRESTO 06301

CLICK HERE FOR LESS EXPENSIVE PRESO 06300
John
Buhl, ID

Two of our great grandchildren in YumBaby hats make by Luci and Jeni, my granddaughters to raise the money they need to support their families and keep their husbands in college.
Two of our great grandchildren in YumBaby hats make by Luci and Jeni, my granddaughters to raise the money they need to support their families and keep their husbands in college.

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FoodSaver 4840 2-in-1 Automatic Vacuum Sealing System

FTC: Sometimes we link to products for which I may be paid a small commission. This is Never of Cost to You. John

FoodSaver 4840 2-in-1 Automatic Vacuum Sealing System with Bonus Built-in Retractable Handheld Sealer, StarterKit, Heat-Seal and Zipper Bags

The FoodSaver 4840
The FoodSaver 4840
Manufacturers Description
Manufacturers Description

As some of you now, this old man owns the FoodSaver 4440. This unit is similar.

Description:

Item model number FSFSSL4840-000

FS 4840 at Amazon
Customer Review

 A favorable Amazon buyer's review. (typical)
A favorable Amazon buyer’s review. (typical)

You Want To Read More, Right? Just Click Here!

John

My daughter Alice with an old man. She is a supper sealer!
My daughter Alice with an old man. She is a supper sealer! Doesn’t look like a mother of six (6) and grandmother of over one dozen little boys and girls. See her art: Click here!

Everett Covered Bridge - Oil

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Home Food Storage

Introduction:

Foodsaver 4000 Vac Seal
FoodSaver 4000

About a dozen years ago my wife and I moved from AZ to ID. We bought a new home on a fairly small lot, but I decided to plant some fruit trees. We have two (2) peach trees, two (2) cherry trees, one (1) each apple, pear, plum and apricot tree. We also put it a grape vine. Our berry bushes did not do well but the fruit trees did. So did the grapes.

We Have a Small Vegetable Garden

We have a small vegetable operation, tomatoes, beans, beats, squash, peppers.

My wife’s caregiver puts up fruit as the season goes on. Most all fruits an vegetable can be bottled, frozen or dried. She is able to supply her family as well as ours.

I Need Larger Freezer Space

We have a side by side refrigerator / freezer and a small chest freezer in the garage.

At this time of year when sweet corn is available, I wish we had a larger upright freezer out in the garage. We could freeze our own corn, etc. If I were not 84 years old, I would buy one.

Potatoes in a Tub

We are growing potatoes this year in a tub. The point of all this is that you can grow foods on a small lot or even in an apartment. If you can grow it, you can store it.

Before You Plant Trees and Vegetables

When you plant through trees and vegetables, make sure that you plant varieties that are suitable for your area. You can contact your county agent or a local university or a nursery or local people who have trees and vegetables to obtain the correct information.

Go to: http://planthardiness.ars.usda.gov/phzmweb/interactivemap.aspx for your temperature zone map.

Go to: http://www.gardening.cornell.edu/fruit/homefruit/homefruit.pdf to learn about planting berries and fruit trees in your area.

Go to: http://www.growinganything.com/vegetable-planting-guide.html for your vegetable planting guide.

Canning Vegetables and Fruits


When I was a kid my mother canned about 1000 quarts of fruits and tomatoes every year. I lugged bottles from the basement, washed them, blanched, pealed and bottled fruit, bottled fruit, tomatoes and chili sauce and carried the filled bottles back to the basement.

You can learn how to can fruit and vegetables at: http://farmgal.tripod.com/

Drying Vegetables and Fruits


My son’s wife, a farm girl, cans and dries fruits, etc. You can learn how to can, freeze, dry and preserve fruits at: http://pickyourown.org/allaboutcanning.htm

Smoking Fish and Game


I smoked kokanee salmon in Colorado. Once I was too lazy to get out of bed in the middle of the night to turn the heat source off. It was freezing outside! I ended up feeding the salmon to the neighbors dog. But smoked salmon and other smoked meats are great. I made my own smoker but there are plenty of inexpensive ones that you can buy that do not require you to watch them.

Conclusion:

You can grow your own stuff on a small lot, even in an apartment. Go to: http://www.urbanorganicgardener.com/apartment-gardening/ to learn how.

Growing your own fruits and vegetables allows you to pick and eat or to store so that you enjoy them all year. Amazon has a lot of books on growing fruits and vegetables.

(Note: The FTC requires me to tell you that some links in this site may result in me receiving a commission from a vendor. That hardly ever happens but I am grateful for any commissions that I may receive. John)

John T. Jones, Ph.D.

 

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Never Store Hamburger in the Refrigerator

Introduction

Read this excellent article by culinaryarts.com’s Danilo Alofaro to learn why we should not store our hamburger (and other ground meats) in the refrigerator.

http://culinaryarts.about.com/od/culinaryfundamentals/fl/How-to-Know-If-Your-Ground-Beef-Has-Gone-Bad.htm?utm_content=6921316&utm_medium=email&utm_source=cn_nl&utm_campaign=todaysl&utm_term=bouncex6

by Danilo Alfaro CulinaryArts.com

Why Not to Refrigerate Ground Meats

It is much safer to store meats in your refrigerator such as steak than it is hamburger. The reason is simple. It is a matter of surface area.

The higher the surface area, the more easy it is to grow bacteria. Hamburger and other ground meats are perfect breeding grounds for undesirable and even dangerous bacteria.

Ground meats are much more likely to create extensive bacterial growth in the refrigerator than un-ground meats such as stakes. When stakes are grilled, and because bacteria live on the surface only of the stake, bacteria are killed immediately.

That is not so with hamburger which must be cooked thoroughly to assure that the bacteria are dead.

Ground meats should not be refrigerated, they should be cooked or frozen for safety reasons.

Make sure that you read Danilo Alfaro’s article.

Vacuum Sealing

Vacuum sealing is a wonderful way to preserve meat. My wife’s caregiver’s husband just had one of his steers slaughtered. It is now in the process of aging and will soon be vacuum sealed and packed ready for the freezer. Georgia, my wife’s caregiver, is very busy making room in her freezers for the meat when it is delivered in a couple of weeks.

One of the reasons they use the particular meat processor is that he is a vacuum sealer which extends the life of meat when frozen.

What We Do


I think I mentioned that when we buy meat on sale, Georgia splits it up and freezes it after vacuum sealing each portion with our vacuum sealer.

We are very pleased with our sealer. It works perfectly for our needs. It is small enough to leave on the counter-top, but if you desire, you can store it somewhere easily within reach, as we do.

National Center for Food Preservation
National Center for Food Preservation

The NCFHFP will show you many methods of preserving food. They have published a book to give you a hand.

So Easy to Preserve, Book and Videos.
So Easy to Preserve, Book and Videos.

 

 

 

 

 

 

We Want to Be Safe, Right?

I know. Everybody’s stores hamburger in the refrigerator. But you know what happens in your refrigerator and even at the butcher shop. When hamburger has been refrigerated for a day or more, it starts to change color it goes from a rosy red or peak to a dismal gray.

When you are purchasing meat, what do you do when you see gray hamburger you shy away from it, of course.

What do you do when you pull gray hamburger out of your own refrigerator?

Too often we cook it.

There are so many cases of people being exposed to harmful bacteria from food see purchase that it is alarming the FDA can hardly keep up with the situation. Harmful products can be on the market for months before any warning is given to the public. That is not good.

What is Listeria?

Recently, we’ve been hearing about listeria as a food poisoning. There are many others. Go to http://www.foodsafety.gov/poisoning/causes/bacteriaviruses/listeria/index.html to learn about them all and precautions to take to protect your family.

“Listeria is the name of a bacteria found in soil and water and some animals, including poultry and cattle. It can be present in raw milk and foods made from raw milk. It can also live in food processing plants and contaminate a variety of processed meats.

“Listeria is unlike many other germs because it can grow even in the cold temperature of the refrigerator.Listeria is killed by cooking and pasteurization.” http://www.foodsafety.gov/poisoning/causes/bacteriaviruses/listeria/index.html

Be Safe!

John

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The Many Mеthоdѕ оf Prеѕеrvіng Food

FTC: Links to Amazon.com or other sites from pics or text that result in sales could lead to a small commission to me at no cost to you.

Introduction:

Food рrеѕеrvаtіоn mау be dеfіnеd аѕ the рrосеѕѕ of trеаtіng аnd hаndlіng food to рrеvеnt it frоm rеасhіng a state whеrе it would be unfit fоr human consumption. Preserving food gоеѕ bасk іn humаn history to рrеhіѕtоrіс tіmеѕ. Then thе рrіmаrу mеthоdѕ of food асquіѕіtіоn were hunting аnd gаthеrіng. Food had to be preserved for times of difficulty and scarcity of food. Drying or smoking of food was one of the earliest of preservation of food. Root vegetable could be kept protected from the weather by keeping them underground.

Food preservation helps to рrеvеnt the accumulation of bасtеrіа аnd fungі which аrе hаrmful аnd sometimes lethal to humаnѕ. Preservation methods in its simplist forms were drуіng, refrigeration, ѕаltіng аnd рісklіng.

Drying


Drуіng, which is one оf thе оldеѕt method of fооd preservation, іnvоlvеd putting the food out іn thе sun to dry, thеrеbу wrіngіng оut mоіѕturе іn оrdеr tо delay оr іn ѕоmе cases, рrеvеnt bасtеrіаl grоwth. Many of us eat jerky which is meat that has been’s slowly dried and salted to inhibit bacterial growth.

Smoking


Smoking is a great process for the preservation of meat and fish and some other materials. When I lived in Colorado, I made a smoker out of an old refrigerator. All that was required was making the refrigerator door safe for children so that they could not lock themselves in, venting the refrigerator, and adding a hot plate in the bottom of the refrigerator. One evening I stuffed my refrigerator full of Coke and a salmon, placed cherrywood on a metal plate on top of the hotplate and went to bed. I figured that I would get up about 4 o’clock in the morning and turn the thing off. However, the warm bed in contrast to the freezing weather outside, kept me in bed at 7 o’clock. I opened the refrigerator and it was full of charcoaled fish. My neighbors dog loved it. It might be better to buy a commercial smoker and follow the instructions.

Refrigeration


Rеfrіgеrаtіоn аlѕо works bу ѕlоwіng dоwn fungаl and bасtеrіаl growth bу subjecting thе food tо vеrу low temperatures where ѕuсh bacteria will not dеvеlор. Though refrigeration is оnе оf thе оldеѕt mеthоdѕ of food рrеѕеrvаtіоn, it’s a tесhnі uе that mоѕt people соuld nоt dо раrtісulаrlу thоѕе living іn wаrm climates. It wаѕ nоt until thе іntrоduсtіоn of commercial refrigeration thаt thе mеthоd wаѕ mаdе аvаіlаblе tо anyone, anywhere, making rеfrіgеrаtіоn оnе of the-if nоt the mоѕt common mеthоd оf preserving food all оvеr thе wоrld.

When I was a kid, my folks cannot afford to pay to have ice delivered to our home. That meant I had to lug it a half-mile home. On a hot day, we lost more ice during transport that would’ve cost us to have it delivered. And I not only had to deliver it for my mother, I had to deliver it for the widow lady next door. If I had 100 pounds of ice on my crummy wagon, it was a chore to get it home.

You can imagine how happy I was when we finally got an electric refrigerator. I think I’ll go in the kitchen and give Mina a hug right now.

Freezing


I don’t remember any freezers so I was a boy. Most everyone has a freezer nowadays, often as part of the refrigerator. I have a small freezer in my garage. It seems that the refrigerator freezer and that freezer in the garage are always check full of stuff. Some of it seems to sit there for a long time. If I buy meat in large quantities, I always vacuum seal it in bags designed to protect it during the freezing process. Foods processed in that way last much longer than those just frozen without taking that precaution. (I own the sealer shown and I love it!)

Salting


Sаltіng wоrkѕ by drаwіng out thе mоіѕturе frоm thе meat through оѕmоѕіѕ. Sаltіng is аlѕо соmmоnlу knоwn as curing, thоugh it may аlѕо іnvоlvе other reagents оthеr than ѕаlt, such аѕ ѕugаr, оr еvеn a соmbіnаtіоn оf salt and ѕugаr. As mentioned earlier salting combined with drying issues to make jerky.

Pickling


Pісklіng, is also uѕеd to рrеѕеrvе fооd, but іnѕtеаd of іnhіbіtіng bacterial grоwth, fеrmеntаtіоn асtuаllу еnсоurаgеѕ it. Cеrtаіn mісrооrgаnіѕmѕ аrе асtuаllу соnduсіvе to kееріng thе fооd іn an еdіblе соndіtіоn. Thе рісklеd fооd to be pickled are іmmеrѕеd іn a liquid solution thаt inhibits bad bасtеrіа from grоwіng whіlе еnсоurаgіng hеlрful bacteria. Kimchi, ѕаuеrkrаut, bееr аnd уоgurt аrе соmmоn еxаmрlеѕ.

Hоwеvеr, thе typical рісklіng рrосеѕѕеѕ can іnvоlvе the outright іnhіbіtіng of bасtеrіаl growth and often involve аgеntѕ ѕuсh аѕ brine water (wаtеr hіgh іn salinity соntеnt), alcohol, vinegar аnd сеrtаіn оіlѕ ѕuсh as vegetable оіl аnd оlіvе оіlѕ. Suсh еxаmрlеѕ іnсludе eggs, cucumbers, рерреrѕ, аnd corned bееf.

Pasteurization


Pasteurization is a hundred-year-old process that destroys pathogens through simple heat, and is best known for its role in making milk and juices safe for consumption. French chemist and microbiologist Louis Pasteur invented this straightforward food safety technique in 1864.

Dairy рrоduсtѕ uѕuаllу соmе tо mind when people thіnk of раѕtеurіzаtіоn.

Cheesemaking


People have been making cheese since ancient times. You may live near a cheese factory. If so, you might want to take a tour to see this interesting process. The process of cheese making involves the destruction of bad bacteria by pasteurization and the enhancement of growth for beneficial bacteria.

Fermentation


Fermentation is the chemical breakdown of a substance by bacteria, yeasts, or other microorganisms, typically involving effervescence and the giving off of heat. The process of fermentation involved in the making of beer, wine, and liquor, in which sugars are converted to ethyl alcohol, has existed since ancient times.

More Recent Methods


Food рrеѕеrvаtіоn hаѕ оf соurѕе, improved with сіvіlіzаtіоn and аѕ tесhnоlоgу and commercialism race fоrwаrd, thе vаrіоuѕ mеthоdѕ of рrеѕеrvіng food increase and improve аѕ well. As vacuum sealing of foods bags or other containers can extend the life of frozen foods and foods preserved in dry storage such as beans. Freeze-drying is another modern method (see pic above).

The Ute Indians


I was raised in Utah and I know something about the Utah Indians because I have included them in my novel, Bull (and the fact that my father was kidnapped by Ute Indians in 1900). They were a healthy race when the white man came to the West. They lived on Barry’s and wild game and the roots. All of these they knew how to preserve.

You can run all day, climb mountains, London dear home to his wife and children and could fight other Indian tribes. The coming of the white man changed all of that. They like so many other Indian tribes, were placed on reservations. There they were fed white man’s flour. They had access to alcohol. That destroyed the strength and vitality of the nation.

The Utes are in many ways much better nowadays. They can eat more wholesome foods (meaning much less wholesome than what they use To eat before the white man came). Still, for most all the males in the United States, there are not as healthy as they were before the white man came and intruded on their cultures.

Our Tough Times Ahead

My church has always encouraged folks who have a year supply of food and enough money to keep them going in case of a crunch. I was born during the deepest year of the Great Depression. From 1932 until 1940, my family was still in that situation. I was came to the door looking for something to eat. Usually fed them a bowl of beans (bean soup with a bit of salt pork) and hot homemade bread. They thought they were in heaven eating our daily fare.

We had no milk in those days except canned milk lets my uncle happen to come by with a gallon from his cow. We can store beans and we could store flour, the essentials of our existence except for fruit.

Every year my mother canned 1000 bottles of fruit and tomatoes. That included jams and jellies and chili sauce. It was my job to transfer the hot bottles from the sterilizing bath so that my mother could fill them. I capped and put on the lids. I then carried the bottles down to the basement. It seemed like a never-ending process.

We usually had a sack of potatoes and carrots and onions in the basin to keep them cool in the summer time. We seldom had a garden of our own. I plan to do a few things but not enough to feed her family. However my neighbor had a couple of acres where he grew vegetables and kept us supplied. He peddled these vegetables around the Valley of the great Salt Lake. It is always been amazing to me that he was able to raise his family simply by forming 2 acres of vegetables and then peddling those vegetables and fruit that he bought from the farmers market around the Valley. He is one of the few that had a decent job. My dad had no job at all for two years.

I remember when my dad was first able to go back to work. He took the money and stacked flour along the wall to the ceiling in my parents bedroom. We also had many sacks of beans. I was in case he got out of work again during those uncertain times. He finally solved this problem by getting into politics where he was not only able to keep working but was able to provide jobs to some of our neighbors and some of our relatives.

Will be back with some preservation methods.

John

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The National Center for Home Food Preservation

nat centerr food preservation

My  roses are just coming on. Daffadils and Tulips are gone. But all of my fruit trees bloomed this year and the cherries are coming on. John
My roses are just coming on. Daffodils and Tulips are gone. But all of my fruit trees bloomed this year and the cherries are coming on. John

The National Center for Home Food Preservation provides current research-based recommendations for most methods of home food preservation.

The Cooperative State Research, Education and Extension Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture (CSREES-USDA) privided funding to address food safety concerns for those who practice and teach home food preservation and processing methods

SETPThe Center, located at the University of Georgia, sells a book So Easy to Preserve for only $18.00. It seems to cost more elsewhere so I suggest the UGA Extention Publication store:  https://estore.uga.edu/C27063_ustores/web/product_detail.jsp?PRODUCTID=4495&SINGLESTORE=true
You can order the corresponding DVD for &39.95.

At the site, learn:

How do I?
Can
Freeze
Dry
Cure & Smoke
Ferment
Pickle
Make Jam & Jelly
Store

HAPPY MOTHERS DAY TO ALL MOTHERS!

John T. Jones, Ph.D.

My daughter Alice with an old man. She is a supper sealer!
My daughter Alice with an old man. She is a supper sealer!

Buhl, ID 83316

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